" Hatay " region in Turkey in the north of " Latakia " and in the vicinity of the Mediterranean coast is the easiest way to transfer weapons to terrorists in Idlib. Historically this province has been an integral part of Syria. The map, available from 1764, shows that this province is part of Syria. Idlibwas later renamed to " Alexandrata ".In the political arrangements after WWI " Alexandrata " underwent French mandate. Atatürk claimed that Hatayhas always been part of Turkey.(Emphasizing that the majority of Alksandrta residents are Turk, although Arabs were more than Arabs as of 46 to 39 according to the 1936Franceagreement). But as a result of Atatürk ' s pursuits, France also agreed to refer the case to the international community and the United Nations left the matter to referendum in 1939. As a result of the referendum and Atatürk ' s deception Hatay joined the Turkish land in 1939, Syria never accepted it though. On the other hand, Turkish claims about Mosul relies on the Turkish - speaking population in this city and the " Mouders " ceasefire where all parties involved in the WWI were invited to armistice while Mosul province was under Ottoman control. But after three days British troops occupied Mosul province against Mouders agreement and Britain tried to refer the issue to the international arena to manage it with the help of major powers. The UN - appointed investigative commission announced in accordance with legal standards that Iraq must keep Mosul and its oil resources. Turkey accepted this decision reluctantly with signing a frontier contact with Iraq in 1926 and Iraq accepted to pay ten percent of the oil benefits of this city to Turkey for twenty five years. In his notes Atatürk has registered Mosul within the national conventional borders of Turkey and declared it as part of his country.Retaking Mosul has always been a slogan of Turk nationalists. After the deal, the pursuit of Mosul issue on behalf of Turkey remained dormant for 60 years. During the Iran-Iraq war, when Saddam Hussein had lost effective control over northern Iraq, the issue was raised again. After May 1983 Saddam Hussein permitted fighting with members of the Iraqi Kurdistan (PKK) party to the Turkish army four times. At that time Turkish media were also talking about the Turkish allegation of Mosul province. Between March 20 and May 2 1995 some 35,000 Turkish troops through "Steel Operation "undertook to purge PKK members in northern Iraq. When Turkish forces were leaving the Iraqi territory, "Suleyman Demirel" the Turkish president made dramatic statements in Istanbul newspaper saying "There is no border between Mosul and Turkey because Mosul was within the Ottoman Empire borders. Mosul is part of Turkey". Referring to the map of Turkey-Iraq borders Demirel said at a meeting with journalists that the existing borders between the two countries in the heights are wrong. Indeed these borders show oil areas and where oil zone ends, Turkish borders start. Geologists have traced these borders to deprive Turkey of oil. Turkish territory is not like this and that should be corrected. Given this background, Turkish claims over Mosul province is again in the spotlight today. Turkey has expanded its influence in Mosul through ISIS and is pursuing the implementation of its nationalist claims on the city to access Iraqi oil. Turkey left Mosul and Kirkuk to Iraq during Lausanne contracts but later adopted a special policy and re-annexed the Syrian Hatay province to its territory although it was fully left to Syria. With this rigorous approach in its foreign policy, in Iraq like in Syria, Turkey is pursuing an operational attitude. They mean to bypass the central government of Iraq and deceive Iraqi Kurdistan authorities and have created a military base near Mosulunder the pretext of training Kurd Peshmarga and started with about 50 officers and increased this number day by day. Now the number of Turkish troops at the base is way more than what they announce.