Key Israeli regime’s assaults on the Gaza Strip since its troops withdrew from the impoverished coastal enclave in 2005 following a 38 - year occupation:
2006 – June 28: Israel launches Operation Summer Rain, rolling troops into Gaza to free a captured trooper. He is released in October 2011 in exchange for around 1,000 Palestinian prisoners.
Nov. 1-7: Operation Autumn Cloud, in which 56 Palestinians are martyred. Nov. 26 the army ends five months of operations in Gaza, in which more than 400 Palestinians are martyred.
2008 – Feb. 27 - March 3: Eight months after Hamas takes control of Gaza, Operation Hot Winter is launched after an Israeli is killed in a retaliatory rocket attack. More than 120 Palestinians are martyred in the operation. A truce is declared in June after months of violence that killed hundreds.
Dec. 27: Israel launches Operation Cast Lead with a massive air assault on the Gaza Strip to halt rocket attacks. The 22 - day operation leaves 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis dead.
2010 – May 31: Israeli raid on a Gaza - bound aid flotilla leaves 10 Turks dead.
2011 – April: Around 20 Palestinians martyred and more than 150 rockets are fired at Israel in the worst violence since January 2009.
August: 26 Palestinians and one Israeli are killed in clashes days after the death of eight Israelis in attacks near Eilat in southern Israel.
2012 – March 9-12: Israeli strikes on Gaza City martyred 25. More than 250 rockets are fired at Israel.
June 18-23: An airstrike kills two Islamic Jihad fighters, sparking five days of fighting in which Israel martyrs 15 Gazans. Five Israelis are wounded as 152 rockets hit the south.
Oct. 22 - Nov. 13: Around 15 Palestinians are martyred, while more than 120 rockets are fired at Israel.
November 14-21: Operation Pillar of Defense is launched with a missile strike that martyrs top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari in Gaza City. Hundreds of Israeli raids and militant rocket attacks over the next eight days kill 177 Palestinians and six Israelis. An Egypt - brokered truce takes effect on the 21st.
2013 – Dec. 24: A Palestinian child is martyred and six Palestinians injured in Israeli raids after an Israeli is killed in a retaliatory attack at the border.
2014 – January - March 3: Israeli raids martyrs four Palestinians as more rockets are fired on Israel.
March 11-13: Israeli strike martyrs three Islamic Jihad fighters after they fire a mortar round at troops.
June 11: Israeli airstrike kills two Palestinians, including one child.
June / early July: Israel steps up raids on Gaza after the alleged abduction and murder of three Israelis in the occupied West Bank.
July 8: Israel launched Operation Protective Edge to stamp out rocket fire and calls up 40,000 reservists.