casesinvolving similar claims by Apple, Samsung was ordered to pay $1.05 billion. Reviewing the case District Judge Lucy Koh said it was unclear how this sum was calculated, and during the latest hearings the payment was reduced by more than $400 million. The original $600 million award was not vacated, together with $40.5 million that was reinstated by Judge Koh in April and the latest $290 million decision, brings the estimated total to $929m awarded to Apple in penalties. However, it is unlikely the payment will cause significant difference to a company that holds about $130 billion in net cash, says the Financial Times. “For Apple, this case has always been about more than patents and money. It has been about innovation and the hard work that goes into inventing products that people love. While it’s impossible to put a price tag on those values, we are grateful to the jury for showing Samsung that copying has a cost”, commented Apple. The 'patent wars' between Apple and Samsung have lasted many years, and cost the companies hundreds of millions of dollars. Both companies in different countries’ courts accuse each other of patent violations. Smartphone manufacturers compete in a market estimated at about $280 billion, and recently the Korean company overtook its US competitor in sales volume.