John McCain, the US influential senator, has declared that the US - Russia agreement is considered a defeat for Washington and a victory for Moscow.In the eyes of this Republican senator, the US has acknowledged, through this measure, that Russia has once again went back to its golden days in the 20th century. The US has been beating on the drums of war since August 21 following the false claims by the Syrian opposition and the foreign - backed militants that the Syrian army had used chemical arms against terrorists. US officials believed that they had managed to win over the public opinion for a war on Syria considering their extensive media propaganda campaign and the release of different footages of people killed in Syria and in general those of victims of the civil war in the country. It was only a few days after fiery speeches by British and American officials for an attack against Syria that the British parliament opposed the government’s bill for Syria attack. Gradually, the US allies, fearful of the public opinion, called for a peaceful solution to the Syria crisis. Inside the US, the people tired of America’s wars did not want to experience another foreign war, specially because the majority of them believed that the US war plans are based on baseless and false arguments by terrorist groups and they will not only fail to bring international credibility and reputation for the US but they will also question the US status. The opposition by the American public opinion to war on Syria was such that the US Congress was hesitant to give the green light to Obama for a military attack. Eventually, the US, which had failed to win the support of the international community and even its people for a war, had to accept Russia’s plan. Since the onset of the clashes, Russia has been stressing the implementation of certain reforms in Syria and it has also supported the Syrian government. Russia was aware of the fact that since the George Bush’s term in office, the US has been seeking to dominate the Middle East and use the region’s rich oil resources. Therefore, countering the US colonial and exploitative policies in the region has turned into a strategic objective in Russia’s foreign policy. One of the priorities of Russia’s foreign policy is emphasis on multipolar world, were a country would not consider itself a superpower and would not impose its exploitative policies on other states.
Within this framework, Russia supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other countries while stressing the role of the United Nations and the Security Council in maintaining peace and security in the world. On the contrary, the US proved during the war in Iraq that it stands by this concept as long as the UN makes decisions in line with Washington’s interests, and despite its pro - institution slogans in support for the role of world bodies in international matters, the US constantly disregards this role.Since the return of Russia to international equations and following the start of President Vladimir Putin’s first term in office to be exact, Russia has built favorable and egalitarian relations with other nations across the globe. It has managed in the past decade to win an acceptable standing in all regions, ranging from the Far East to the Middle East, and from Africa to Latin America, whereas the US has lost face everywhere in the world, even with Americans. While the US and some European countries were engaged in saber - rattling, a number of serious questions were raised. How will the US benefits from the strike? If Assad leaves, who will replace him and who can guarantee the war in Syria will not spill over the Syrian borders to spread across the whole Middle East? If a widespread war breaks out in the Middle East, given that the United Nations has not had a role or responsibility in launching the military action, will the UN be able to contain the war? What will happen to the terrorist groups operating in Syria? Where will they and their advanced weaponry end up? All these are questions raised at the peak of the US war rhetoric against Syria, but the Russian proposal allayed these concerns to some extent as the threat of a US war continues to exist. Generally, Russia achieved two notable successes regarding the Syria crisis: Firstly, Russia proved that despite all diplomatic pressure and media propaganda, it stands by its allies. Russia also managed to offer the world an image portraying it as a peace - loving country. Meanwhile, Russia has some interests in Syria prompting Moscow to play a major role in the crisis plaguing the Arab country. These interests could be shortly categorized as security - strategic, political and economic.
Russia views Syria as a strategic ally. Regardless of the 20th century division of the world into the Western and Eastern blocs, the US and Russia have built up their own new form of blocs across the world. In Latin America for, instance, new leftist governments are somehow Russian allies, but not within a grouping similar to the last century’s satellite alliances, but an alliance based on common norms, values and threats. Unlike US allies that simply obey US policies, Russia does not deem itself as a Big Brother and is aligned with governments adopting their policies independent of the US.In the Middle East, a similar division exists and some regional countries such as Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf littoral Arab states, Turkey and Egypt are among the satellite allies of the US, who would sacrifice their national values, norms and even interests in their effort to follow policies dictated by the US. In contrast, some countries have turned to Russia in a bid to counter the meddlesome US policies, and of course they remain committed to their principles and values. Of course, Russia has reservations in defending its allies and history shows that Moscow has turned its back on them to put its national interests first; still Russia cares more for values and norms in comparison with the US and does not say attack other countries to favor the interests of a certain group, such as the Zionist lobbying group, AIPAC. Another point to consider regarding the influence of the developments in Syria on the internal affairs of Russia and the US is thevox populiin the two countries. According to aWashington Post survey, 61 percent of Americans have voiced support for a political solution to the Syria crisis. An opinion poll conducted by Russia’s Public Opinion Research Center shows 77 percent of people in the country oppose any war and military intervention in Syria. According to the survey, no more than five percent support the Syrian opposition. After all, it so appears that the war rhetoric has cooled a bit and the White House warmongers will need a long time to prepare the ground for a potential strike against Syria or any other country.