Muslimpress:Arafah is name of a hill near Mecca where pilgrims gather to say an special prayers on Dhul Hijja 9th.The Day of ' Arafah is an Islamic Holy Day that falls on the 9th day of Dhul Hijja of the lunar Islamic Calendar. This happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan. It is the second day of the Hajj pilgrimage and the day after is the first day of the major Islamic Holiday of Eid ul - Adha. At dawn of this day, Muslim pilgrims will make their way from Mina to a nearby hillside and plain called Mount Arafat and the Plain of ` Arafah. It was from this site that Prophet Muhammad(AS) gave one of his last famous sermons in the final year of his life. The Day of ' Arafah is especially holy with Shia Muslims since it also marks the day on which Imam Husayn ibn Ali set out towards Kufa, only for him and his entire male entourage to be martyred on the way in a desert land called Karbala(now a city that hosts his shrine) on the Day of Ashura. Fasting on Arafah This is while, Abu Qatada al - Ansari reported that Muhammad(AS) was asked about his fasting. He was asked about perpetual fasting, whereupon he said: He neither fasted nor did he break it, or he did not fast and he did not break it. He was then asked about fasting for two days and breaking one day. He said: “And who has strength enough to do it? ” He was asked about fasting for a day and breaking for two days, whereupon he said: “May Allah bestow upon us strength to do it”. He was then asked about fasting for a day and breaking on the other, whereupon he said: “That is the fasting of my brother David”. He was then asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: “It was the day on which I was born on which I was commissioned with prophethood or revelation was sent to me,(and he further) said: “Three days ' fasting every month and of the whole of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fast”. He wasasked about fasting on the day of ' Arafah(9th of Dhu ' I - Hijja), whereupon he said: “It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year. ”The Book of Fasting(Kitab Al - Sawm) Muslim:: Book 6: Hadith 2603Prayers in ArafatIt is reported in an Hadith that a Muslim who enters the plain of Arafat even as late as evening and recites “Kalma - e - Tauheed, one hundred times facing the Ka ` aba. Surat - ul - Ikhlas one hundred times and Darood also one hundred times; God in His Mercy will forgive all his sins and tell the angels to be witness thereof since he acknowledged My Magnificence(an attribute of God), praised me and offered Darood for my beloved Prophet Muhammad(PBUH). If this man demands the forgiveness of all those present in Arafat. I will accept his prayer too. The Holy Prophet(PBUH) ordained the believers to recite as much as they can while in Arafat.Daily prayers on Arafah The joint prayer of Mid-Day and Afternoon in Arafat is not obligatory (Wajib). It is only Sunnah. For a joint prayer, it is necessary that the prayer leader should be a non-resident like other pilgrims. It is usually arranged in Nimarah mosque by calling the prayer leader from outside Mak`kah by the govt. The joint prayer of mid-day and afternoon is offered with one prayer call (Azam) and two announcements (Takbir) for the initiation of the prayers. First two units of curtailed prayer (Qasr) of mid-day is offered followed by two units of afternoon prayer (Qasr). No sunnats are to be offered after the afternoon prayer (as per rule.). If the pilgrims are staying at their places, they should offer the mid-day and afternoon prayer at the appointed times individually or in congregation.