Muslimpress:Jihad is an Arabic word from the root Jee Ha Da. It literally means to struggle or strive. Jihad is struggling or striving in the way or sake of Allah. Jihad takes a very important status in the doctrine of Islam and is one of the basic duties for every Muslim.Though, it has nothing whatsoever to do with the term Holy War. Such a term, or its equivalent doesn’t exist in the Islamic doctrine. The Christian Crusaders in the mid - ages invented this ideology of Holy War. There is nothing “Holy” about wars. Wars only involve killings and disasters!Jihad of the Heart / SoulJihad of the heart / soul; in Arabic: jihad bin nafs / qalb. It is referred as “the greater Jihad”(al - jihad al - akbar). It is one’s inner struggle of good against evil; refraining oneself from the whispers of Shaitan(Satan). This process involves allowing Islam to transform one’s soul to achieving internal peace; and forgoing the hatred and anger. “Jihad is ordained for you(Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know. ”{Quran, Surah 2: Al - Baqarah, Verse 216; Mohsin Translation}Jihad by the tongueJihad by the tongue; in Arabic: jihad bil lisan. It is defending Islam and spreading Islam by scholarly lectures, speeches and debates. It often overlaps with Da’awah(invitation to Islam, or spreading the message of Islam). In The Last Sermon, Prophet Mohammed(PBUH) asked the listeners whether he has passed on the message to them; and they confirmed affirmatively. Then the Messenger of Allah ordered all those present today to pass on the same message to those who are not here today; and the last person to hear the message should understand it better than the people here.Jihad by the pen / knowledgeJihad by the pen / knowledge; in Arabic: jihad bil qalam / ilm. This form of Jihad involves scholarly research of Islam in aiding the spread and defense of Islam; and publishing written articles in clearing misconceptions and correction lies against Islam. Examples of such Jihad include the research and discovery of scientific evidences, literature miracles and mathematical miracles from the Quran. Messenger of Allah once stated that the ink of a scholar is holier than the blood of a martyr; and one who is reading looks handsome in front of Allah.Jihad by the handJihad by the hand; in Arabic: jihad bil yad. This is a Jihad of action rather than words. At certain areas, it overlaps with Zakart(charity) and Hajj(pilgrimage). Some of its examples include giving charity to the poor and needy, performing Hajj or Ummrah, helping those who need help, saving people’s lives, etc. These are more of physical deeds instead of words. “A person whose feet become dust ridden because of[striving] in the way of Allah will never be touched by the flames of Hell”{Sahih Bukhari 2811} The most beautiful of all Jihad is a perfect Hajj. It involves testing of one’s patience and piety to the apex. The whole period of Hajj, with just one intention and aim, worshiping Allah!Jihad by the swordJihad by the sword; in Arabic: jihad bis saif. In contrary to Jihad of the heart / soul; this form of Jihad is referred as “the lesser jihad”(al - jihad alasghar). Sometimes it is necessary to undertake Jihad by the sword. This would include usage of arsenals and engaging in a combat. This could be simply a bunch of freedom fighters or an organised campaign of army. Jihad by the sword is use of arms to engage into a combat. It is not misuse of arms to create violence.Who is a Holy Warrior? According to the Quran, a martyr who died in the way of Jihad is promised Paradise. But what are the criteria of martyr, or in other words, what are the criteria of a Holy Warrior undertaking the True Jihad? The most famous of all Hadith is the one regarding everything we do are judged by our intensions; so as it is mentioned in the previous chapter. So who is an example of a Holy Warrior? Ali bin Abu Talib, cousin of Prophet Mohammed (s.a.w) and the fourth Caliph of the Islamic Ummah is a good example. During one of the battles, Ali was about to give a deathblow to an enemy soldier. Just then, that enemy soldier spat at Ali. Ali then suddenly stopped, threw down his sword and refused to kill that enemy soldier. After the battle, Ali’s soldiers asked Ali (AS) why he suddenly stopped and refused to kill that enemy soldier on the battlefield. Ali explained that he got angry when that enemy soldier spat at him. So if he had killed that enemy soldier right then, he would be killing out of his own anger and no longer fighting for Justice. In the sight of Allah, he would then be no different from a murderer. Brothers and Sisters that is how we should see a Holy Warrior!