Muslimpress:though offering prayers in Islam is obligatory, there are some parts that are optional but have been performed by prophets during prayer or Salaah.Qunoot, according to the definition of the fuqaha’, “is the name of a du’aa’(supplication) offered during prayer at a specific point while standing. ” It is prescribed in Witr prayer after the rukoo’(bowing), according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions. If a calamity(naazilah) befalls the Muslims, it is prescribed to say Du’aa’ al - Qunoot after standing up from rukoo’ in the last rak’ah of each of the five daily obligatory prayers. With regard to saying Du’aa’ al - Qunoot in Fajr prayer all the time, in all circumstances, there is no saheeh report that the Prophet(PBUH) singled out Fajr for Qunoot, or that he always recited it in Fajr prayer. Rather what is proven is that he recited Du’aa’ al - Qunoot at times of calamity with words that were appropriate to the situation. He recited Du’aa’ al - Qunoot in Fajr and in other prayers, praying against Ra’l, Dhakwaan and ‘Usayyah for killing the Quran - readers whom the Prophet(AS) had sent to them in order to teach them their religion. And it was proven that he prayed in Fajr prayer and other prayers for the weak and oppressed believers, that Allah would save them from their enemies. But he did not do that all the time. The Rightly - Guided khaleefahs after him followed the same practice. It is better for the imam to limit Qunoot to times of calamity, following the example of the Messenger of Allah, as it was proven that Abu Maalik al - Ash’ari said: “I said to my father, ‘O my father, you prayed behind the Messenger of Allah and behind Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and ‘Ali(may Allah be pleased with him). Did they used to say Du’aa’ al - Qunoot in Fajr? ’ He said, ‘O my son, this is a newly - invented matter. ’”(Narrated by the five, apart from Abu Dawood; classed as saheeh by al - Albaani in al - Irwa’, 435). You may also ask,is there a specific wording for Qunoot during Witr prayer, or Qunoot at times of calamity? The answer is: for Du’aa’ al-Qunoot in Witr prayer a number of wordings have been narrated, including the following: 1 – The version which the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) taught to al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (AS), which is: “Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini sharra ma qadayta , fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk, wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayta la munji minka illa ilayk. (O Allah, guide me among those whom You have guided, pardon me among those whom You have pardoned, turn to me in friendship among those on whom You have turned in friendship, and bless me in what You have bestowed, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can influence You; and he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, nor is he honored who is Your enemy. Blessed are You, O Lord, and Exalted. There is no place of safety from You except with You).” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1213; al-Nasaa’i, 1725; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’, 429).   It was narrated from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib that the Prophet (AS) used to say at the end of Witr: “Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bi ridaaka min sakhatika wa bi mu’aafaatika min ‘uqoobatika wa a’oodhu bika minka, la uhsi thana’an ‘alayka anta kama athnayta ‘ala nafsika (O Allaah, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your wrath and in Your forgiveness from Your punishment. I cannot praise You enough; You are as You have praised Yourself.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1727; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’, 430; Saheeh Abi Dawood, 1282).   Then he should send blessings upon the Prophet (AS) as it was narrated that some of the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them) – including Ubayy ibn Ka’b and Mu’aadh al-Ansaary (may Allaah be pleased with them) – did that at the end of Qunoot al-Witr.